According to National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) 101: Life Safety Code, all exit lights and emergency lights must be inspected and tested both monthly and annually.
Finally, the Qatar Civil Defense makes the final call on what standards and rules must be enforced and may add more of their own.
Consequences of Neglecting Inspection of Emergency & Exit Lighting
Failing to adhere to the codes for exit/emergency lights may result in numerous serious consequences, including:
> Heavy fines
> Bodily harm or injury if the emergency/exit lights fail when needed
> Unnecessary property damage or loss
> Loss of business due to the above-mentioned costs
How do you avoid these consequences?
Monthly Inspections and Tests
Once a month, perform the required 30-second test on all battery-operated emergency and exit lights.
You may perform this test yourself by pushing and holding the “push to test” button located on each light for a minimum of 30 seconds to ensure that the battery and lights are fully functional.
If you notice dimming lights or burnt-out bulbs, you will need to arrange for maintenance or repairs.
Repeat this process for each emergency and exit light.
Exception: for battery-operated self-testing/self-diagnostic exit and emergency lighting which automatically runs 30 second tests and a diagnostic at least every 30 days, only a visual inspection needs to be done monthly.
Annual Inspections and Tests
Annually, perform the required 90-minute test and inspection, described in NPFA 101, Sec. 7.9.3.
You may perform this yourself, as the manufacturer’s documentation should include instructions. However, many fire protection service providers, such as Koorsen, provide this service, which can make the process more convenient as well as more thorough.
The only effective way to test all emergency and exit lights for 90 minutes is by cutting off the AC power to the lights. Everything connected to the relevant breaker will also lose power at this time, so this test will require appropriate planning.
Proof of both monthly and annual testing must be recorded and kept to show QCD s when requested.
If you are uncomfortable testing your own equipment or need maintenance, Thompson will be happy to discuss requirements for you and walk you through the process.
Give Thompson a call today to schedule an appointment.